When Will Surya Grahan Occur?

Surya Grahan, also known as a solar eclipse, is a celestial event that occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth, blocking the sunlight and casting a shadow on the earth. This phenomenon can be either total, partial, or annular, depending on the alignment of the sun, moon, and earth.

Types of Surya Grahan

There are three main types of solar eclipses:

1. Total Solar Eclipse: This type of eclipse occurs when the moon completely covers the sun, casting a shadow on the earth. It is a rare and spectacular event that darkens the sky and allows observers within the path of totality to witness the sun’s corona.

2. Partial Solar Eclipse: In a partial solar eclipse, the moon covers only a portion of the sun, creating a celestial spectacle where the sun appears to have a ‘bite’ taken out of it. This type of eclipse is more common than a total eclipse.

3. Annular Solar Eclipse: An annular solar eclipse happens when the moon is farthest from the earth, causing it to appear smaller and not fully cover the sun. This results in a ring of sunlight, also known as the “ring of fire,” around the edges of the moon.

Timing of Surya Grahan

Solar eclipses do not occur frequently and their timing can vary. The next solar eclipse visible from Earth is on June 10, 2021. It will be an annular eclipse and will be visible from parts of Canada, Greenland, and Russia.

After June 10, 2021, the subsequent solar eclipses will take place on December 4, 2021, April 20, 2023, October 14, 2023, and March 29, 2025. It’s worth noting that not all solar eclipses are visible from all parts of the world, and the visibility largely depends on the geographic location.

Impact and Precautions

While a solar eclipse is a fascinating astronomical event, it’s essential to take precautions to safely view it. Looking directly at the sun, especially during an eclipse, can cause serious eye damage or even blindness. Therefore, it’s recommended to use special solar viewing glasses or devices that adequately protect the eyes.


1. Can I watch a solar eclipse with the naked eye?
No, it is extremely dangerous to look directly at a solar eclipse with the naked eye. Special solar viewing glasses or devices are necessary to protect your eyes.

2. How often do solar eclipses occur?
Solar eclipses are relatively rare events that occur a few times a year and can be either total, partial, or annular.

3. Why are some solar eclipses total while others are annular?
The alignment of the sun, moon, and earth determines the type of solar eclipse. When the moon is closer to the earth, it appears larger and can fully cover the sun, creating a total eclipse. When the moon is farther away, an annular eclipse occurs.

4. Can a solar eclipse be harmful to living beings?
While solar eclipses do not pose a direct threat to living beings, looking at the sun during an eclipse without proper eye protection can cause serious eye damage.

5. How long does a solar eclipse last?
The duration of a solar eclipse can vary, with total eclipses lasting a few minutes at most. Partial and annular eclipses may last longer, but the total phase is still relatively short.

6. Why are some solar eclipses visible only from certain locations?
The visibility of a solar eclipse depends on the alignment of the sun, moon, and earth, as well as the geographic location of the observer. Eclipses are not visible from all parts of the world simultaneously.

7. How can I safely observe a solar eclipse?
To safely observe a solar eclipse, always use approved solar viewing glasses or devices that meet the necessary safety standards. Do not look directly at the sun without proper protection.

8. Are there any cultural beliefs or superstitions associated with solar eclipses?
Solar eclipses have been surrounded by various cultural beliefs and superstitions throughout history. Some cultures view eclipses as omens or signs of impending doom, while others see them as a time for introspection and spiritual renewal.

9. Can animals sense a solar eclipse?
Some animals may exhibit changes in behavior during a solar eclipse, such as birds returning to their nests or nocturnal animals becoming active. However, there is no scientific evidence to suggest that animals can predict or anticipate eclipses.

10. When is the next total solar eclipse visible from my location?
The visibility of a total solar eclipse depends on your geographic location. You can use online resources or consult with local astronomical societies to find out when the next total solar eclipse will be visible from your area.

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